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Sugar → Reef: the Story So Far…

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sugar cane ad from 1890
(Photo from here)

Even though gallery shows are only a small part of what we do as artists, it’s true that presenting an exhibition at a high-profile place like the Art Gallery of NSW can really open up some unexpected doors.

When The Yeomans Project occupied the Contemporary Project Space at AGSNW in early 2014, it popped up on Allan Yeomans’ radar.

Allan, aged 80 or so, is the late P.A. Yeomans’ eldest son. He runs the Yeomans Plow business in the Gold Coast, and like his dad, is an author, inventor, and ideas man.

Anyway, Allan and his wife Christina heard about the show, and decided to come down from the Gold Coast to see it.

In Allan’s helicopter.
Which he pilots himself. That’s how those Yeomanses roll.

It was a great honour to meet Allan and Christina, and the event for which they choppered in (a public discussion with P.A.’s youngest daughter Wendy) turned out to be a wonderful Yeomans family+friends reunion:

yeomans family reunion at agnsw
The Yeomans family + friends reunion at AGNSW. At far left is Wendy Yeomans. Third from left is Christina, Allan is at centre with black shirt and thin western tie. Ian Milliss in black at the front, behind him is Julie Yeomans, then Robert Yeomans in the check shirt. Lucas Ihlein is on the far right (hah!), and I’ll add the names of the remaining two gents when I dig through my notes!

On returning to Queensland, Allan and Christina told their friend John Sweet about the project. John is a retired farmer, also getting on to 80. He worked with P.A. in the late 1970s and early 80s on the Keyline redesign of Rugby Run, a huge property a few hours inland from Mackay.

And that’s how John Sweet came to phone me up on the landline (he has no mobile nor email):

“Lucas, John Sweet here, from Mackay. Allan Yeomans told me about your project. I reckon you and Ian might be interested to work with me on something up here in Queensland”.
“Sounds good, John,” says I – “What is it?”
“Well,” says John, “It’s like this. I want to Keyline the entire Great Barrier Reef catchment area”.

Now, I don’t know much about Queensland, but I know it’s big. So after I got off the phone to John, when I finished laughing, I went and looked up the Reef Catchment area. It’s a strip about or 2100km long, and about 424,000 square kilometers in area. And pretty much choc-a-block with sugar farms.

This is a map from 1941. Not exactly up-to-date, I know. But it’s a nice map, and I think sugar cane is grown in much the same areas these days:

sugar mills map 1941
Map from here. Lots of interesting stuff on that page about social history and ethnic diversity in North Queensland.

And in this next map, you can see how the reef is situated off the sugar cane coast:

great barrier reef basin map
Photo from here.

According to John, the run-off (mainly fertiliser and pesticide) from cane farming in the catchment area is a major source of reef degradation. In this photo, you can see how the big rains of Queensland can flush those chemicals out of the farm, into the creeks and out to sea:

big rains run off cane farm
This photo comes from Ecos Magazine. The article it accompanies, written in 2011, also outlines some of the positive steps that have been taken by farmers to reduce these problems.

And so this is the theory: applying Yeomans Keyline practices to sugar farming would build up the soil so it’d hold more water, reducing run-off significantly. The soil would also be richer in organic materials, thus needing less fertiliser to grow a crop in the first place.

From all the work we’ve done on Yeomans, and from our visits to farms, this all makes sense. But doing it on two thousand kilometers of farms? And in Queensland? This was just about the craziest idea I’d ever heard.

Impossible. Imagine all the stakeholders – landowners, local councils, industry groups, processing mills. How could you ever convince everyone to agree to this? In this sense, the problem isn’t agricultural, it’s cultural. John Sweet is either a lunatic or a visionary. Naturally, we said yes.

And that’s how it is that I’m on the outskirts of Mackay right now, sitting in the humidity in my boxer shorts, brushing away small flying kamikaze beetles, writing this blog post.

6 responses to “Sugar → Reef: the Story So Far…”

  1. Artist as Family Avatar
    Artist as Family

    This is a wonderful post Lucas, we wished we’d seen it earlier.

    Impossible, you say? Insane? Never!

    But just to make things slightly more challenging, you could also convince sugar farmers to grow crops that actually produced food rather than addictions and obesity and diabetes epidemics. Now that really would be cultural transformation.

    1. Lucas Ihlein Avatar
      Lucas Ihlein

      thanks Patrick, Meg, Zephyr, Woody!

      You guys spent some time up that way on your big trip, right? Do you have some blog posts you could link to here about your observations and experiences?

  2. Artist as Family Avatar
    Artist as Family

    This post grumpily shows how we experienced QLD sugar country.

  3. The Allan Kaprow Papers | Bilateral

    […] I’m in Vancouver right now. Recently Lizzie, Albie and I visited L.A., San Diego, San Francisco, and Portland. I’m pursuing the intersections between socially engaged art practice (and its pre-histories) and environmental management situations, as I try to work out how best to press on with Sugar vs the Reef. […]

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